To serve you better, our new website displays information specific to your location.
Please visit the site and bookmark it for future use.

Lithium Brine Project Development: What does it take?

Pablo Cortegoso, Cristian Pereira
Wednesday, June 7, 2017
First presented: 
LITIO - Lithium in South America
Civil Engineering
Water Management
Brine extraction for surface process and recovery of potash, lithium and industrial salt requires the application of traditional hydrogeological theories to hyper-saline solutions. Such brines present additional technical challenges in comparison to fresh water due to density effects, density driven multichemical composition flow on a large scale, and interaction between brines and fresh water over the course of the production period. Surface production facilities require estimation of brine composition over time. Therefore, the hydrogeologist is tasked to incorporate this features in all the project steps, including exploration and sampling plans,   balancing extraction rates from multiple production wells, locating the production wells in space (and time), predicting chemical composition of the pre-pumping and extracted brines and monitoring depletion of a “dynamic” resource. Each of these parameters can have a significant impact on project economics. The parameters such as effective porosity, permeability, anisotropy, aquifer configuration (extent, thickness and heterogeneity), and wellfield efficiency are key in the estimation of resources and reserves for a brine extraction project. During the stages of prefeasibility and feasibility, an accurately built numerical groundwater model is required in order to develop a production plan.
This presentation examines the technical aspects of conducting a proper exploration campaign that will feed the precise parameters to the numerical groundwater model and therefore define a production plan and estimate extractable brine resources and reserves.
This presentation will also discuss the challenges and lessons learned from lithium brine projects in development in Argentina, from early exploration to production.

Feature Author

Pablo Cortegoso
Pablo Cortegoso is a Civil Engineer with over 8 years of experience in civil and mining projects; specializing in lithium brine projects. His main areas of focus are surface water hydrology and modeling, project management, design and implementation of field programs and data collection and analysis for hydrogeological and geotechnical studies. Mr. Cortegoso has extensive experience in hydrogeological field programs, with an emphasis on lithium brine deposits, including well designs, packer testing and aquifer tests. Mr. Cortegoso expertise includes solar pond evaporation design, modeling and operation for lithium and potassium brine projects. Mr. Cortegoso has been a key member in the preparation and completion of Technical Due Diligences, Technical Reports (Mineral Resource and Reserve Statements), Preliminary Economic Assessments, Pre-Feasibility and Definitive Feasibility Studies in accordance with NI 43-101 and JORC Guidelines for lithium brine projects throughout Argentina, Chile, USA, UK and Botswana.


Lithium Project Development Specialist
MSc Civil Engineering
SRK Denver
Cristian Pereira
Cristian Pereira is a geologist with more than 15 years of experience executing projects in the area of hydrogeology in Chile, USA, Canada, Colombia, Phillippines, Mexico and Argentina, with emphasis in conceptual and numeric modeling, as well as evaluation of underground water resources, mine dewatering requirements, environmental impacts of mining, pit lake infilling, brine extraction and pore pressure analysis. He has experience in field work, including control of Barber and Reverse Air type drilling, regional and local geological mapping, design and supervision of long and short duration pumping tests, and work with instruments with pressure transducers. He is skilled in the preparation of interpretative and compilation reports, management and creation of data bases (hydrological, bibliographic) and logistics. He has experience with hydrogeological interpretative software (Hidrochem, Aquifer Test, Aquasolve, among others), of Hydrogeological Modeling (Visual ModFlow and FeFlow) and geographic information systems (MapInfo).
Senior Hyrdogeologist
SRK Denver
SRK Latin America